Justice is different from the other virtues.1 It is not about what people should do, such as in acts of benevolence (be more benevolent more often) or of prudence (be more prudent). These are positive virtues that are voluntary, not forced. You cannot force people to be virtuous. Flogging someone for failing to be beneficent (acting kindly) makes nonsense of the virtue in which she is defective!
KeywordsImpartial Spectator Natural Justice Civilise Nation Guilty Person Fellow Creature
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