‘The Image of Our Mind’: Seeing and Being Seen

  • Allan Ingram
  • Michelle Faubert

Abstract

Thus we prattled away our time till we came in sight of a noble pile of building, which diverted us from our former discourse, and gave my friend the occasion of asking me my thoughts on this magnificent edifice. I told him, I conceived it to be my Lord Mayor’s Palace, for I could not imagine so stately a structure could be designed for any quality inferior. He smiled at my innocent conjecture, and informed me this was Bedlam, an hospital for mad folks. ‘In truth,’ said I, ‘I think they were mad that built so costly a college for such a crack-brained society,’ adding, it was pity so fine a building should not be possessed by such as had a sense of their happiness. ‘Sure,’ said I, ‘it was a mad age when this was raised, and the Chief of the City were in great danger of losing their senses, so contrived it the more noble for their own reception, or they would never have flung away so much money to so foolish a purpose.’ ‘You must consider,’ says my friend, ‘this stands upon the same foundation as the Monument, and the fortunes of a great many poor wretches lie buried in this ostentatious piece of vanity; and this, like the other, is but a monument of the City’s shame and dishonour, instead of its glory. Come let us take a walk in, and view its inside.1

Keywords

Furnace Depression Amid Income Straw 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 2.
    Pope, An Essay on Criticism, ll. 297–300, in The Poems of Alexander Pope, ed. John Butt, London: Methuen, 1963, p. 153.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Fiona Haslam, From Hogarth to Rowlandson: Medicine in Art in Eighteenth-Century Britain, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1996, pp. 166–7. I am indebted to Dr Haslam’s book for drawing my attention to several of the illustrations discussed in this chapter.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Nikolaus Pevsner, An Outline of European Architecture, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1943 (1963 edn), p. 311.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    John Evelyn, The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. William Bray, London: Dent Dutton, 1966, cited in John Brewer, The Pleasures of the Imagination: English Culture in the Eighteenth Century, London: Harper Collins, 1997, p. 10.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    See Patricia Allderidge, The Bethlem Hospital Historical Museum: Catalogue, The Board and Governors of The Bethlem Royal Hosiptal and The Maudsley Hospital, 1976, pp. 5, 8.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    César de Saussure, A Foreign View of England in the Reign of George I and George II, tr. and ed. Madame Van Muyden, London: John Murray, 1902, pp. 92–3, cited in Porter, Mind-Forg’d Manacles, p. 126.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    See Patricia Allderidge, ‘Bedlam: fact or fantasy?’, in The Anatomy of Madness: Essays in the History of Psychiatry, Volume II: Institutions and Society, ed. W.F. Bynum, Roy Porter and Michael Shepherd, London: Tavistock, 1985, p. 23.Google Scholar
  8. 13.
    Jonathan Andrews and Andrew Scull, Undertaker of the Mind: John Monro and Mad-Doctoring in Eighteenth-Century England, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2000, p. 22.Google Scholar
  9. 14.
    William Shakespeare, Hamlet, II.i.78–80, ed. Harold Jenkins, London: Methuen, 1982, p. 234.Google Scholar
  10. 15.
    Peter Wagner, ‘Representation of Time in Hogarth’s Paintings and Engravings’, in Hogarth: Representing Nature’s Machines, eds David Bindman, Frédéric Ogée and Peter Wagner, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001, p. 104.Google Scholar
  11. 18.
    See for example Alexander Cruden, The Adventures of Alexander the Corrector, London: Richard Baldwin, for the Author, 1754, p. 23. As a former patient of both James and John Monro, we should, of course, be taking the word of a confined madman in accepting Cruden’s allegation.Google Scholar
  12. 20.
    Ronald Paulson, Rowlandson: A New Interpretation, London: Studio Vista, 1972, p. 29.Google Scholar
  13. 22.
    James Boswell, Boswell’s Column, 1777–1783, ed. Margery Bailey, London: William Kimber, 1951, p. 209.Google Scholar
  14. 23.
    John Woodward, Select Cases, and Consultations, in Physick, London: L. David and C. Reymers, 1757, pp. 242–3.Google Scholar
  15. 25.
    James Boswell, Boswell: The Ominous Years, 1774–1776, ed. Charles Ryskamp and F.A. Pottle, London: Heinemann, 1963, p. 252.Google Scholar
  16. 26.
    Peter Tomory, The Life and Art of Henry Fuseli, London: Thames and Hudson, 1972, p. 15.Google Scholar
  17. 27.
    Henry Fuseli, The Mind of Henry Fuseli: Selections from his Writings, ed. Eudo C. Mason, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1951, p. 69.Google Scholar
  18. 39.
    See, for example, Richard Reinagle’s The Fair Maria, engraved in 1797, reproduced in Tomory as Plate 193.Google Scholar
  19. 42.
    Draper Hill, Mr. Gillray the Caricaturist, London: Phaidon, 1965, p. 145.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allan Ingram 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allan Ingram
  • Michelle Faubert

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations