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Conclusion: Promotion/Nation/Colony/Empire

  • Robert D. Grant

Abstract

As the nineteenth-century progressed, the colonial ‘prospect’ changed, gathering greater and greater accretions of association and meaning, although, of course, such developments were not arbitrary. As this volume has argued, British commentators understood what they encountered in the colonies in terms of their own particular interests and outlooks and, in that respect, their representations were as much expressions of metropolitan concerns as they were of interactions with distant landscapes and their indigenous populations. In later nineteenth-century accounts, however, many of the familiar promotional themes and motifs remained. The greater part of George Baden-Powell’s advice to the prospective emigrant to Australia or New Zealand in 1872, for example, was consistent with that made by earlier writers, except for his suggestion that professional men might now do well there, a reflection of changed circumstances perhaps, but also an important message regarding the progressive civilising of what had so recently been ‘wilderness’. He dutifully listed (quite unironically, it seems) the tendency for propagandists to puff their own favoured spots and denigrate their competition; as well as the ‘wonderful fertility’ of the respective countries’ soils; the marvellous opportunities for ‘those with capital’ and the need for those who had none to be industrious if they were to progress; the good prospects for labouring men and the faint prospects awaiting ‘ne’er-do-weels [sic]’.

Keywords

White Settler British Settler British Troop Australian Coloni Distant Landscape 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    George Baden-Powell, New Homes for the Old Country (London, 1872) pp. 444–455; Barker, Station Amusements in New Zealand, frontispiece; Stewart, op cit; Google Scholar
  2. William Hay, Brighter Britain! or Settler and Maori in Northern New Zealand, 2 vols (London, 1882) vol. 1, p. 291.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
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  9. 3.
    Julius Vogel, Official Handbook of New Zealand (London, 1875).Google Scholar
  10. 4.
    On the issue of ‘Defence and Imperial Disunity’, see Andrew Porter (ed.). The Oxford History of the British Empire, 5 vols (Oxford, 1999) vol. 3, pp. 320–345.Google Scholar
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  17. 6.
    Charles Wentworth Dilke, Greater Britain, 2 vols, 1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th edns. (London, 1869); 5th edn. (London, 1870); 6th edn. (London, 1872); 7th edn. (London, 1880); 8th edn. (London, 1885). The 8th edition was still in print in 1907. The two volumes had been published almost immediately in the United States: (Philadelphia & New York, 1869). All references in this work are to the 2nd, English edition: vol. 1, pp. 390–397; Baden-Powell, p. 491; James Crawford, Recollections of Travel in New Zealand and Australia (London, 1880) pp. 436–468.Google Scholar
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  20. 7.
    On Lower’s combination of history, storytelling and manifesto, see Ryan Edwardson, ‘Narrating a Canadian Identity’, International Journal of Canadian Studies, no. 26, Fall 2002, pp. 59–76; Charles Jefferys, Picture Gallery of Canadian History, 3 vols (Toronto, 1942–1950)Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Robert Grant 2005

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  • Robert D. Grant

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