It has sometimes been suggested that books on psychoanalysis, rather than being shelved in psychology sections in bookshops and libraries, should instead be listed under ‘Jewish Studies’. This is not quite as whimsical as it might seem: not only have psychoanalysts often been Jewish, but those who are not Jewish are frequently thought of as if they were. In addition, it can be argued that psychoanalysis is heavily indebted to, and informed by, ‘Jewish’ perspectives, attitudes, ethics and methodological approaches. Starting as it did with Freud, its origins were deeply embedded in the secular Jewish culture of the late nineteenth century, at a time in Europe when Jewish and other identities were being debated and were undergoing radical change. Anti-Semitism was a powerful political and cultural force, science was struggling with religion, romanticism was having its nostalgic last gasp, and the revolutionary movements of the twentieth century — in politics, science and the arts — were being born. The Jews were both inside and outside Western society: newly ‘emancipated’ and able to claim influential positions, yet still victims of social exclusion, anti-Semitic populism and new forms of ‘racial’ anti-Semitism that were gradually replacing the old Christian anti-Judaism.
KeywordsEurope Assimilation Defend Hate
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