Summary and Conclusions
The study of achievement motivation has typically focused upon factors that differentiate between students within specific contexts; often the US high or middle school. Here, students have typically been compared on the basis of psychological constructs such as goals, expectancies and attributions, and differences have been used to predict academic engagement and achievement. However, this neglects pervasive influences at different levels of the ecosystem that may operate upon the great majority of students within any given context. As a result, suggestions for increasing student motivation and engagement may fail to address important phenomena.
KeywordsAchievement Motivation Mastery Goal Academic Engagement Educational Performance High Stake Testing
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