• Charles Dennis


Since the beginning of history, retailers have sought to make shopping a pleasurable experience:

The Sumarian and Mesopotamian caravanners of 4000 years ago … knew well the importance of creating just the right atmosphere for selling. No unit would depart from Damascus on its journey to Jeddah without … magicians, snake charmers, story tellers, dancers, sword swallowers and craftsmen who theatrically fashioned goods in situ ….

(English Tourist Board, 1989, page 3)

In the UK (the English Tourist Board went on to point out) the Romans ‘formalised and enhanced the market system that was already in place’. For instance at what is now Leadenhall street in London, Forshaw and Bergstrom (1983) stated that the Romans ‘built a market place or forum, a large square 200 yards across’. This would have had traders around the periphery and an area in the centre for public leisure and socialising.


Shopping Centre High Street Town Centre Retail Area Time High Education Supplement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Charles Dennis 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Dennis
    • 1
  1. 1.Brunel UniversityLondonUK

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