Many West European states were troubled to some extent by terrorism during the 1970s. But only two, the United Kingdom and Spain, faced serious and persistent insurgencies aiming at the detachment of territory, namely in Northern Ireland (where the creation of a united Ireland was the goal) and the Basque Country (where independence was sought). In this chapter the national and international responses to each of these insurgencies will be considered in turn.
KeywordsPrime Minister Basque Country Terrorist Incident Direct Rule British Troop
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