• David Butler
  • Martin Westlake


All elections take place in a framework provided by a combination of law, regulation, tradition and habit. European elections are no different in this respect; but the framework within which they take place is rendered more complex by the fact that, as pointed out in Chapter 1, the elections take place in both a European and a national context. This chapter describes both frameworks.


Member State Local Election Direct Election European Election Electoral Commission 
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Copyright information

© David Butler and Martin Westlake 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Butler
    • 1
  • Martin Westlake
    • 2
  1. 1.Nuffield CollegeOxfordUK
  2. 2.European Economic and Social CommitteeBrusselsBelgium

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