Democratic Rebirth and Constitutional Reform (1989–97)
This chapter examines the constitutional reform that accompanied Poland’s democratic rebirth in 1989 and discusses the political structures and institutions that were created to provide a framework within which democratic political processes operate. During the first eight years of the post-communist era, Poland operated with a ‘hybrid’ constitutional framework based in part on original provisions of the 1952 Constitution, in part on constitutional amendments adopted in 1989–90, and in part on constitutional legislation promulgated in November 1992, colloquially known as the ‘Small Constitution.’ Only in May 1997 was an entirely new constitutional framework formally promulgated.
KeywordsPrime Minister Political Elite Small Constitution Executive Branch Constitutional Amendment
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