In the summer of 1989, following the rebirth of democratic Polish political life, a prominent Solidarity leader, Jan Maria Rokita, had this to say about the existing Polish Constitution: ‘From the point of national honor, the present Constitution is an insult; from the point of law, it is a monstrosity and an oddity; from the point of substantive politics, it is a document devoid of all meaning.’1 His statement captured the essence of Poland’s constitutional reality at the time: The existing constitution was an imposition from abroad, a sociopolitical anachronism, and alien to Polish constitutional heritage. With the collapse of the Polish communist regime, democratic constitutional arrangements would be promulgated, and new juridical guarantees of the rule of law established, leading to the development of constitutionalism in Poland.
KeywordsLiberal Democracy Judicial Review Constitutional Rule Constitutional Reform European History
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