When Bernard Williams introduced the term ‘moral luck’ to modern philosophy, he intended it to be an oxymoron1 because of the contradiction in the implications of the two terms: morality is associated with control, choice, responsibility and therefore praise and blame, whereas luck is about chance, unpredictability, lack of control and therefore the inappropriateness of praise or blame. If there is such a thing as moral luck, then we have to show both how it is possible to hold that crucial elements of the moral decision were outside the agent’s control and how we still want to hold the agent responsible for the act and attribute praise or blame.
KeywordsVirtue Ethicist Moral Development Contingent Factor Moral Decision Modern Philosophy
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