Enterprise Culture in British Arts Policy
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State support for the arts in the United Kingdom has a remarkable history. This chapter first sketches the trajectory of these developments,1 then turns to contemporary support for both artists and art museums,2 focusing on privatization and its consequences. Privatization refers to the growing need for arts organizations to rely on private sources of funds (chiefly, individual philanthropy and corporate sponsorship), a need that arises as a direct result of cutbacks in public funding of the arts. In the United Kingdom, privatization is accompanied by the pervading influence of enterprise culture — the privileging of business-world norms and rhetoric championed by both Conservatives and New Labour. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the continuing debate about state funding of the arts in the United Kingdom.
KeywordsNational Museum British Museum Royal Academy Cultural Policy National Gallery
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