Linking Rule of Law and Environmental Policy Reform in Armenia and Georgia

  • Allison Morrill Chatrchyan
  • Amanda E. Wooden
Part of the Euro-Asian Studies book series (EAS)


The environment has historically been an important cultural issue in the three countries of the South Caucasus. The land and its resources have played a critical role in defining these nations’ identities, in relation to one another and in light of constant invasion and colonialization at this continental crossroads of major powers. During the Gorbachev era of the late 1980s, the environment was a prominent issue in the unfolding politics of the Soviet Union’s breakdown, emerging nationalist expressions and eventual moves towards independence. In 1988, the Greens Union of Armenia was instrumental in organizing protests against continued operation of the Medzamor nuclear power plant and a demonstration of 150 000 people against operation of the polluting Nairit chemical plant, forcing the closure of both in 1989 and 1990 respectively.1 In Georgia, the environmental movement coalesced around a weapons-grade nuclear power plant in Mtskheta, just thirty miles outside of the capital, Tbilisi. This movement was effective in forcing the closure of the plant, and from these actions, the Georgian Green Party was formed. With independence from Moscow in 1991, and the move towards capitalist democracies, came the hope of an improved environment in the South Caucasus. Unfortunately, for the most part, the environment in these countries has not improved, and in some cases, has become further degraded.


Civil Society Environmental Policy Supra Note United Nations Development Programme Forestry Sector 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Allison Morrill Chatrchyan and Amanda E. Wooden 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allison Morrill Chatrchyan
  • Amanda E. Wooden

There are no affiliations available

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