Democratization and the Rule of Law in Azerbaijan: Europe’s Relevance

  • Gulara Guliyeva
Part of the Euro-Asian Studies book series (EAS)

Abstract

The period of continuing political and economic instability following Azerbaijan’s independence from the Soviet Union has resulted in limited progress in state building, democratization and the construction of the rule of law. The usual challenges facing transition countries have been compounded by, among other things, the ongoing conflict over Nagorno Karabakh and the difficulties faced in managing oil reserves.1 However, a great incentive to make democratic and legal progress is the possibility of closer ties with Europe. This chapter outlines the state of the rule of law and democratization in Azerbaijan today and considers prospects for reform through dialogue with Europe. In this regard, it focuses on Azerbaijan’s relationship with the European Union (EU), but also considers other aspects of the European relationship, including Azerbaijan’s membership in the Council of Europe.

Keywords

Europe Hydrocarbon Income Turkey Expense 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    On the Nagorno Karabkah conflict generally, see T. de Waal, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War (New York: New York University Press, 2003).Google Scholar
  2. On the question of oil, see Y. Kalyuzhnova, A. Mayers Jaffe, D. Lynch and R. Sickles, eds, Energy in the Caspian Region: Present and Future (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    See T. Swietochowski, Russia and Azerbaijan: a Borderland in Transition (New York: Columbia University Press, 1995), pp. 5–10.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    As Freedom House puts it: ‘Laws are often vague, and only implementing decrees are more specific. There is no official outlet for publicizing changes in laws … There is little public knowledge of laws that affect commercial activities, and such laws are rarely applied.’ See Freedom House, Nations in Transit 1998 (1998), p. 99. Available at http://freedomhouse.org/research/nattransit.htm.Google Scholar
  5. 14.
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  8. 32.
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  9. 41.
    OSCE/ODIHR, Final Report on the Presidential Election (15 October 2003). Available at http://www.osce.org/documents/odihr/2003/11/1151_en.pdf.Google Scholar
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  12. 58.
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  14. 68.
    On the legal aspects of the pipeline generally, see C. P. M. Waters, ‘Governance and the Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan Pipeline’, Georgetown International Environmental Law Review, 16 (2004), p. 403.Google Scholar
  15. 73.
    Human Rights Watch, Azerbaijan: Media, the Presidential Elections and the Aftermath (4 August 2004), p. 8. Available at http://www.hrw.org/backgrounder/eca/azerbaijan/2004/index.htm.Google Scholar

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© Gulara Guliyeva 2005

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  • Gulara Guliyeva

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