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Armenia’s Women in Transition

  • Sara Anjargolian
Part of the Euro-Asian Studies book series (EAS)

Abstract

Equality between the sexes is an established concept with an important history in Armenian society. Ancient Armenian legal codes and constitutions were protective of women’s rights as far back as 443 ad, when the Codes of Shahapivan specifically gave a woman the right to the family property in the event that her husband left without grounds. The code also gave her the right to bring a new husband into the same house.2 The twelfth-century Criminal Code of Mkhitar Gosh specifically prohibited violence against women and imposed criminal penalties on anyone perpetrating such violence.3 More recently, in the twentieth century, Armenian women were members of the national Parliament in the first Armenian Republic (1918–20) at a time when women in the United States still did not have the right to vote.

Keywords

Domestic Violence Sexual Harassment Supra Note Maternity Leave Criminal Code 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 5.
    American Bar Association, Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative (ABA/CEELI), CEDAW Assessment Tool Report, Armenia (July 2002), p. 4.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    J. Mertus, ‘Human Rights of Women in Central and Eastern Europe’, American Journal of Gender and Law, 6 (1998), p. 372.Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Women Status Report, Armenia (1999) (hereafter, Women Status Report). Available at http://www.undp.am/publications/gender/wsr/Chapter_1/index.htm.Google Scholar
  4. 11.
    N. Tohidi, ‘Women, Building Civil Society, and Democratization in Post-Soviet Azerbaijan’, in K. Kuehnast and C. Nechemias, eds, Post-Soviet Women Encountering Transition: Nation Building, Economic Survival, and Civic Activism (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004), p. 154.Google Scholar
  5. 31.
    Ministry of Health, Republic of Armenia, Demographic and Health Study (2000), p. 197.Google Scholar
  6. 35.
    Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights, Domestic Violence in Armenia (2000), p. 3. Available at http://www.mnadvocates.org.Google Scholar
  7. 37.
    T. Carothers, ‘The Rule of Law Revival’, Foreign Affairs, 77 (2) (1998), pp. 95, 96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 38.
    For an empirical look at the gap between human rights treaty obligations and practice, see O. Hathaway, ‘Do Human Rights Treaties Make a Difference?’, Yale Law Journal, 111 (2002), p. 1935.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Sara Anjargolian 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sara Anjargolian

There are no affiliations available

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