Armenia’s Women in Transition
Equality between the sexes is an established concept with an important history in Armenian society. Ancient Armenian legal codes and constitutions were protective of women’s rights as far back as 443 ad, when the Codes of Shahapivan specifically gave a woman the right to the family property in the event that her husband left without grounds. The code also gave her the right to bring a new husband into the same house.2 The twelfth-century Criminal Code of Mkhitar Gosh specifically prohibited violence against women and imposed criminal penalties on anyone perpetrating such violence.3 More recently, in the twentieth century, Armenian women were members of the national Parliament in the first Armenian Republic (1918–20) at a time when women in the United States still did not have the right to vote.
KeywordsDomestic Violence Sexual Harassment Supra Note Maternity Leave Criminal Code
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