Education among Indigenous Peoples from Colombia and Peru: Social Movement or Public Policy?
Though the Marxist approach dominated the social sciences and much of political discontent throughout the 1970s — not to mention the 1980s — in the case of Peru, New Social Movement (NSM) theory became the preferred approach for postmodernist authors dealing with the undeniable loss of relevance of trade unions and left-wing political parties. The region has seen the end of the national agenda and the rise of globalization, a context where the most acute objective conditions for revolutionary protest, such as the ones present during the 1980s, prevailed with a rise in social exclusion, unemployment and poverty, and none of the traditional political groups gathered enough strength to turn outbreaks into channelled social movements.
KeywordsIndigenous People Social Movement Collective Identity Land Reform Communal Land
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