The Six Argument Encoding Types as a System

  • Mitsuaki Shimojo


The preceding chapters have laid out how the six encoding types are classified in terms of the two saliency indices. The findings presented thus far are summarized in Table 6.1. Concerning anaphoric saliency, three types are identified: (i) an encoding type associated with saliency (i.e. smaller RD) — zero anaphor, (ii) those associated with nonsaliency (i.e. larger RD) — ga and o, and (iii) those associated with ambivalent saliency — wa, the zero particle, and the post-predicative encoding. On the other hand, cataphoric saliency splits the encoding types into two groups: (i) those associated with focusing of referents (i.e. higher RP-f and RP, greater frequency in chain-internal use) — zero anaphor, ga, o, and wa and (ii) those associated with defocusing of referents (i.e. lower RP-f and RP, greater frequency in chain-final use) — the zero particle and the post-predicative encoding.


Clausal Unit Judgment Type Fashion Design Token Count Experiential Judgment 
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© Mitsuaki Shimojo 2005

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  • Mitsuaki Shimojo

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