Japanese is well known for its wide range of ways to morpho-syntactically differentiate the encoding of arguments. The so-called topic marker wa is one option, which topicalizes arguments as well as other sentence elements. Zero anaphora is another option, in which arguments may be encoded in the fully attenuated zero form. The array of encoding types is extended further in colloquial Japanese, including the zero particle, which is also known as particle omission, and the postpredicative encoding, which is often labeled as postposing.


Noun Phrase Direct Object Argument Type Indirect Object Active Referent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Mitsuaki Shimojo 2005

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  • Mitsuaki Shimojo

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