The Costs of the War, 1914–19

  • Matthew Hughes
  • William J. Philpott


The human and material cost of the Great War was immense. Known military deaths and missing totalled some 10 million. The map opposite shows the breakdown of military deaths country-by-country, with the caveat that many of these figures are estimates and many vary depending on the source. This is especially the case with countries such as Rumania, Russia, Serbia and Turkey that suffered turmoil and occupation during and after the war, and where government records on war losses were lost, destroyed or not properly kept. The same is true for deaths among local inhabitants and soldiers in peripheral campaigns such as in Africa.


Local Inhabitant Government Record British Empire Colonial Authority Civilian Death 
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Copyright information

© Matthew Hughes & William J. Philpott 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew Hughes
  • William J. Philpott

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