The Attempts to Break the Western Front, 1915
In 1915, Joffre chose an offensive strategy to liberate France’s occupied northern departments. Given the allies’ superiority on the western front — there were 113 allied divisions opposing 98 German in January — he believed that force could be concentrated against a point or points on the German front to achieve a breakthrough. Others, notably Britain’s war minister, Lord Kitchener, doubted that the western front could be broken until greater resources were available, and sought easier strategic gains in other theatres. Nevertheless the western front remained the principal Anglo-French theatre, in which growing British military resources were concentrated.