Public Finance in the UK before 1888
When Scotland and Ireland joined the UK, each was relatively poor. So their joining in itself implied some vertical redistribution. Government services had to be delivered to a larger number of people, while the tax base per head of population had gone down. However, until the mid- 19th century, most of the goods provided by government were public goods. Not until government started providing private goods would the conflicts of vertical redistribution come into the open.
KeywordsLocal Public Good East India Company National Debt Irish Union Fiscal Crisis
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