A Review of the Four Risk Management Strategies

  • Ragnar E. Löfstedt


Risk management encompasses a series of strategies or models. Max Weber, for example, defines four risk management ‘ideal types’:
  1. (a)

    political regulatory process, including litigation;

  2. (b)

    public deliberation;

  3. (c)

    the technocratic /scientific perspective;

  4. (d)

    risk management on strict economic grounds.1

These ideal types can be represented graphically (see Figure 2.1). This graphic illustration originates from Parson’s description of society,2 which was then developed and refined by Ortwin Renn in a number of articles in the 1990s (the one published in German in 1996 is the most significant).3


Environmental Protection Agency Public Participation Risk Communication Ideal Type Risk Management Strategy 
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Notes and References

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© Ragnar E. Löfstedt 2005

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  • Ragnar E. Löfstedt

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