This book examines the syntactic properties of cleft constructions in Japanese within the Principles and Parameters framework (Chomsky 1981, 1982, 1986a, 1986b and many others), with some consideration of the Minimalist Program (Chomsky 1995 and others). In a cleft construction, a focal element is displaced from the remainder of the clause, and then connected to this remainder with a copula. Although this construction has been broadly investigated in the literature on English, the analogous Japanese construction has still remained for further research, to my knowledge. This book deals with a number of facts concerning Japanese cleft constructions, and touches on larger issues in Japanese syntax, as well as in the grammar of human language in general.
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