The Natural Environment

  • Pauline Eadie
  • Lloyd Pettiford
Part of the Palgrave Advances book series (PAD)


In his inauguration speech in 1949 President Truman first coined the phrase ‘underdeveloped’. This became a catch-all category for those areas known, during the Cold War, as the ‘Third World’. Subsequently a de facto understanding emerged that the relationship between economic activity and states, societies and indeed natural environments could be categorised in terms of their levels of ‘development’. States might be more or less developed, but the underlying rationale was that everyone was bound to the market-orientated path of progress and development. The inevitability of this path was said to lie in the ideas of founding father of liberal economics Adam Smith and the belief that prosperity would ‘trickle down’ and bring wealth to all peoples and nations.


Environmental Degradation Environmental Conservation International Regime Welfare Provision Natural Resource Base 
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pauline Eadie
  • Lloyd Pettiford

There are no affiliations available

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