Democracy and Democratisation

  • Mehran Kamrava
Part of the Palgrave Advances book series (PAD)


The ‘third wave’ of democracy (Huntington 1991) that extended from the mid-1970s to the mid-1990s resulted in the emergence and spread of democratic political systems in areas that once seemed quite inhospitable to democracy. As history has repeatedly demonstrated, crafting a workable and resilient democratic polity is a highly complex and delicate endeavour. In fact, the growing crop of relatively new democracies — most of which are clustered in the countries of the developing world — are neither all equally democratic nor assured of immunity from reversals. The process of transition to and consolidation of democracy is one fraught with pitfalls, and the possibility of democracy’s breakdown is a real danger for democratising or newly democratised systems.


Civil Society Middle East Liberal Democracy Consensus Model Democratic System 
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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

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  • Mehran Kamrava

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