The most basic assumption underlying development studies — both in theory and practice — is that development implies, if anything, poverty reduction and, by extension, accretions in well-being for the mass of ordinary people over time. Certainly, this was the underpinning assumption behind the emergence of Development Studies after World War II, when the concept of development first appeared on the international agenda. We noted that, in the 1950s, there was a growing realisation that, in fact, development was a complex concept that became more complicated following the emergence of large numbers of post-colonial countries. By the 1970s, there was also a growing realisation of a developmentally polarised world. In the 1980s, to attempt to deal with developmental imbalances, the international community, including both state and non-state actors, sought to ‘roll back the state’, working on the presumption that states in the developing world often ‘tried to do too much’, spending too much money and time in the process but often achieving little.
KeywordsWorld Trade Organization Poor People Millennium Development Goal Development Outcome World Development Report
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