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Human Resources and Decentralization in Chile

  • Louise Haagh
Part of the St Antony’s Series book series

Abstract

Three trends shaped social policy in Latin America from the 1970s to the millennium. The state withdrew from the provision of welfare, employers’ flexibility over labour use was increased, and social policy tools were refined in an effort to make state activity complement rather than shape the role of markets in the production of welfare. The retraction of the state from the provision of welfare meant that social well-being became more sharply defined by individual performance in the employment sphere. Sustaining such performance on the other hand became a more difficult task as labour insecurities rose. In theory this situation should increase the importance of policy instruments that allow individuals to sustain their labour market connection. A key issue in the welfare debate in consequence is how far continuous (as opposed to fixed) employment is enhanced by new policy tools.1 This must be the minimum performance criteria of a welfare model that sees social development as arising spontaneously from the working of markets.

Keywords

Labour Market Human Resource Labour Relation Unemployment Insurance Labour Market Flexibility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Louise Haagh 2002

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  • Louise Haagh

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