European Security and Transatlantic Relations after 9/11 and the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq

  • Heinz Gärtner


Traditional security thinking dominated the dynamics of the Cold War. Reliance on military capabilities was the primary strategy adopted to achieve greater security. In the post-1989 world, and in particular post-9/11, by far the largest proportions of the operational efforts of NATO and the European Union (EU) have shifted away from collective defense. Instead, crisis management became the paradigm that forms the cornerstone of the post-Cold War security system.1 As part of this reorientation of effort, NATO and the EU are exploring ways to develop cooperation in the fight against terrorism. What is the benefit for the US in this process?


European Union Member State Security Council Crisis Management Military Operation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H. Gärtner, A. Hyde-Price and E. Reiter (eds), European Security, the Transatlantic Link and Crisis Management: Europe’s New Security Challenges (Boulder/London: Lynne Rinner, 2001), pp. 125–48.Google Scholar
  2. 12.
    Javier Solana, A Secure Europe In A Better World, December 2003.Google Scholar
  3. 16.
    J. S. Nye, Jr, ‘U.S. Power and Strategy After Iraq’, Foreign Affairs (July/August 2003).Google Scholar
  4. 19.
    J. Thomson, ‘US Interests and the Fate of the Alliance’, Survival, vol. 45, no. 4 (Winter 2003–04), 207–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 24.
    A. Missiroli, Mind the gaps — Across the Atlantic and the Union, in: G. Lindstrom, Shift or Rift: Assessing US-EU relations after Iraq (Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 2003), pp. 77–90.Google Scholar
  6. 30.
    W. Drozdiak, ‘Looking For A Vision’, Newsweek (23 February 2004).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinz Gärtner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations