The European Response to International Terrorism

  • Georg Witschel


Today Europe enjoys more freedom, security and prosperity than at any time in its history. Aggression, as traditionally understood, particularly in the form of a large-scale attack mounted by one state against another, is extremely unlikely in the foreseeable future. The European Security Strategy (ESS), adopted by EU heads of government on 12 December 2003 correctly reflects the situation in its introductory remarks: ‘Europe has never been so prosperous, so secure nor so free. The violence of the first half of the 20th Century has given way to a period of peace and stability unprecedented in European history.’2


Security Council European Council Terrorist Group International Terrorism Security Council Resolution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 3.
    B. Hoffmann, Terrorismus — der unerklärte Krieg (Frankfurt: Fischer Verlag, 1999), p.90.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    US Department of State, Patterns of Global Terrorism 2002, Washington, 30 April 2003.Google Scholar
  3. 7.
    D. Benjamin and S. Simon, The Age of Sacred Terror (New York: Random House, 2002), pp.129, 147.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    P. Bolte, K. Möller and O. Rzyttka, ‘Politischer Islam, Separatismus und Terrorismus in Südostasien’, SWP Studie (Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlin, 2003) 39.Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    U. Schneckener, ‘Netzwerke des Terrors’, SWP Studie (Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlin 2002), 19–39.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    P. Lenain, M. Bonturi, V. Koen, ‘The Economic Consequences of Terrorism’, OECD Economics Department Working Paper ECO/WKP(2002) 20, Scholar
  7. 12.
    H. Münkler, Grammatik der Gewalt, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (18.10.2002).Google Scholar
  8. 13.
    H. Müller, ‘Terrorism, Proliferation: a European Threat Assessment’, Chaillot Papers No. 58 (March 2003).Google Scholar
  9. 14.
    European Council, Declaration on Combating Terrorism, Brussels, 25 March 2004.Google Scholar
  10. 16.
    United Nations, International Instruments related to the Prevention and Suppression of International Terrorism (United Nations, New York 2001)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georg Witschel

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations