The European ‘Centaur’: Power and Authority in Europe’s Society of States

  • Adrian Hyde-Price


The collapse of communism and the geopolitical transformation of European international society sparked a major debate on the nature of the post-Cold War European security system. This debate acquired a new momentum after the events of 11 September 2001 and the subsequent war in Iraq, which exposed deep divisions within the transatlantic relationship and within Europe itself. At the heart of this debate on the future of Europe is the question of order. What is the underlying ordering principle upon which contemporary European international society is based? How has the demise of bipolarity affected this ordering principle? Is European order still based on Westphalian principles such as state sovereignty? Above all, what is the mix between power politics and consensual authority, and what is the role of military force in the reshaping of European order?


International Relation Military Force International Order State Sovereignty English School 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Iver Neumann and Ole Waever, eds, The Future of International Relations: Masters in the Making (London: Routledge, 1997), p.368.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Howard Williams, International Relations and Political Theory (Milton Keynes: Open University Press, 1992), pp.45–55.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Gramsci, Selections from Prison Notebooks (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1971), pp.169–70.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    I. Clark, The Hierarchy of States: Reform and Resistance in the International Order (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), pp.14–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Bull, The Anarchical Society (London: Macmillan, 1977), p.13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Ruggie, Constructing the World Polity (London: Routledge, 1998), p.2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Armstrong, ‘Law, Justice and the Idea of a World Society’, International Affairs, vol.7, no.3 (July 1999), 547–61 (560).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Sheehan, The Balance of Power. History and Theory (London: Routledge, 1996), pp.98–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 10.
    J. Ikenberry, After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding of Order After Major Wars (New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2001), pp.23–5.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    H. Morgenthau, Politics Among Nations, fifth edn (New York: Knopf, 1978), p.196.Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    M. S. Anderson, The Rise of Modern Diplomacy 1450–1919 (London: Longman, 1993), p.163.Google Scholar
  12. 14.
    O. Young, International Cooperation (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989), p.85.Google Scholar
  13. 16.
    Jeremy Black, Eighteenth Century Europe (London: Macmillan, 1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. M. S. Anderson, Europe in the Eighteenth Century (London: Longman, 1991).Google Scholar
  15. 18.
    H. Kissinger, A World Restored: Europe After Napoleon (Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith, 1973 [1957]), p.145.Google Scholar
  16. 19.
    M. Wight, Power Politics (London: Penguin, 1973), p.207.Google Scholar
  17. 22.
    Robert Cooper, The Postmodern State and the World Order (London: Demos, 1996), p.7.Google Scholar
  18. 23.
    M. Albright, ‘Review of Foreign Policy Agenda’, US Information Service, London: US Embassy, 9 January 1997.Google Scholar
  19. 24.
    R. Little, ‘Deconstructing the Balance of Power: Two Traditions of Thought’, Review of International Studies, vol.15, 1989, 87–100 (88).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 27.
    T. Schelling, Arms and Influence (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1966).Google Scholar
  21. 28.
    Alexander George quoted in Strategic Coercion, edited by Lawrence Freedman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), p.20.Google Scholar
  22. 29.
    G. Craig and A. George, Force and Statecraft: Diplomatic Problems of Our Time (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), p.196.Google Scholar
  23. 30.
    R. Scharping, Wir Dürfen Nicht Wegsehen: Der Kosovo-Krieg und Europa (Berlin: Ullstein Buchverlage, 1999), pp.222–3.Google Scholar
  24. 31.
    Machiavelli, The Prince (London: Penguin, 1962), p.99.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adrian Hyde-Price

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations