Globalization and Appropriate Governance

  • Jagdish N. Bhagwati
Part of the Studies in Development Economics and Policy book series (SDEP)


I am overwhelmed by the generosity of Professor Pohjola’s welcoming remarks. It is customary to say, on such occasions, that my mother would have believed every compliment that he directed at me, that she might even have considered the praise wanting, but that I realize that I do not deserve it. But that is unlikely to work tonight. Too many of you know well my wife, Padma Desai, who directed a successful project for UNU-WIDER some years ago and is also a frequent visitor to Finland in other capacities. So you can believe me that, if she were present, she would have responded mischievously, since she moves between putting me on a pedestal and putting me in my place: ‘Professor Pohjola, you have said nothing that my husband does not say better about himself.’


Direct Foreign Investment Fair Trade Free Trade Trade Liberalization Child Labour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bhagwati, J. (1966) The Economics of Underdeveloped Countries, New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  2. — (1970) Import Competition: Adjustment and Response.Google Scholar
  3. — (1973) ‘Education, Class Structure and Income Equality’, World Development 1(5): 21–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. — (ed.) (1977) The New International Economic Order, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  5. — (ed.) (1982) Import Competition and Response, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  6. — (1988a) Protectionism, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  7. — (1988b) ‘The Capital Myth: The Difference between Trade in Widgets and Dollars’, Foreign Affairs 77: 7–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. — (1994) ‘Samurai No More’, Foreign Affairs 73: 7–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. — (1998) Stream of Windows: Unsettling Reflections on Trade, Immigration, and Democracy, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  10. — (2000) The Wind of the Hundred Days: How Washington Mismanaged Globalization, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  11. — (2004) In Defense of Globalization, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Bhagwati, J. and V. Dehejia (1994) ‘Freer Trade and Wages of the Unskilled: Is Marx Striking Again?’, in J. Bhagwati and M. Kosters (eds), Trade and Wages: Levelling Wages Down?, Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute.Google Scholar
  13. Bhagwati, J. and P. Desai (1974) ‘Women in Indian Elections’, in A. Field and M. Weiner (eds), Studies in Electoral Politics in the Indian States, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  14. Bhagwati, J. and R. Hudec (eds) (1996) Fair Trade and Harmonization: Prerequisites for Free Trade?, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2 vols.Google Scholar
  15. Bhagwati, J. and M. Kosters (eds) (1994) Trade and Wages: Levelling Wages Down?, Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute.Google Scholar
  16. Bhagwati, J. and A. Krueger (eds) (1974) Foreign Trade Regimes and Economic Development: A Special Conference Series on Foreign Trade Regimes and Economic Development, New York: Columbia University Press, for NBER.Google Scholar
  17. Bhagwati, J. and T. N. Srinivasan (1996) ‘Trade and the Environment: Does Environmental Diversity Detract from the Case for Free Trade?’, in J. Bhagwati and R. Hudec (eds), Fair Trade and Harmonization: Economic Analysis, 1, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  18. — (2002) ‘Trade and Poverty’, American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings May, longer version available on Scholar
  19. Black, S. E. and E. Brainerd (1999) ‘Importing Equality? The Effects of Increased Competition on the Gender-Wage Gap’, Staff Report 74, New York: Federal Reserve Bank of New York.Google Scholar
  20. Bukharin, N. (1929) Imperialism and the World Economy, New York: International Publishers.Google Scholar
  21. Desai, P. (2003) Financial Crisis, Contagion, and Containment: From Asia to Argentina, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Dollar, D. and A. Kraay (2002) ‘Spreading the Wealth’, Foreign Affairs 81(1), January/February: 120–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Drezner, D. (forthcoming) Who Rules? State Power and the Structure of Global Regulation, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Eagleton, T. (1983) Literary Theory: An Introduction, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  25. Fukuyama, F. (1992) The End of History and The Last Man, New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  26. Global Exchange (various)
  27. Irwin, D. (2002) ‘Interpreting the Tariff-Growth Correlation in the Late Nineteenth Century’, American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings 92(2): 165–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Klein, N. (2000) No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies, London: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
  29. — (2001) ‘Signs of the Times’, The Nation, 22 October.Google Scholar
  30. Koestler, A. (2000) The God that Failed, London: Hamish Hamilton.Google Scholar
  31. Lenin, V. I. (1916/1997) Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism, New York: International Publishers.Google Scholar
  32. Little, I., T. Scitovsky and M. Scott (1970) Industry and Trade in Some Developing Countries: A Comparative Study, Oxford: Oxford University Press, for the Development Centre of the OECD.Google Scholar
  33. Luxemburg, R. (1954) What is Economics?, trans T. Edwards, New York: Pioneer Publishers.Google Scholar
  34. McCulloch, N., X. Cirera and L. A. Winters (2001) Trade Liberalization and Poverty: A Handbook, London: DFID.Google Scholar
  35. Naipaul, V. S. (1999) Beyond Belief: Islamic Excursions Among the Converted Peoples, London: Abacus.Google Scholar
  36. O’Rourke, K. (2000) ‘Tariffs and Growth in the Late 19th Century’, Economic Journal 110(463): 456–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Putnam, R. (1995) ‘Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital’, Journal of Democracy 6(1): 65–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Robertson, D. H. (1956) ‘What Does the Economist Economize?’, Economic Commentaries, London: Snapes.Google Scholar
  39. Rodriguez, F. and D. Rodrik (1999) ‘Trade Policy and Economic Growth: A Skeptic’s Guide to the Cross-National Evidence’, NBER Working Papers 7081, Cambridge. MA: NBER.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rodrik, D. (1998) ‘The Global Fix’, The New Republic, 2 November.Google Scholar
  41. Roy, A. (1997) The God of Small Things, New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  42. Ruggie, J. G. (1982) ‘International Regimes, Transactions and Change: Embedded Liberalism in the Post-war Economic Order’, International Organization 36(2).Google Scholar
  43. Sachs, J. D. and A. M. Warner (1995) ‘Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration’, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1: 1–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Said, E. (2001) ‘The Public Role of Writers and Intellectuals’, The Nation, 17 September: 32.Google Scholar
  45. Solow, R. (1956) ‘A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth’, Quarterly Journal of Economics 70(1): 65–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Srinivasan, T. N. and J. Bhagwati (1999) ‘Outward Orientation and Development: Are Revisionists Right?’, in D. Lal and R. Snape (eds), Trade, Development, and Political Economy: Essays in Honour of Anne O. Krueger, New York: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  47. Wolfe, A. (2001) ‘The Snake: Globalization, America, and the Wretched of the Earth’, review of Empire by M. Hardt and A. Negri, The New Republic, 1 October: 31.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© United Nations University 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jagdish N. Bhagwati

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations