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The Soviet Threat, Korea and Vietnam, 1945–1975

  • Kim Coleman

Abstract

At the end of the Second World War, in accordance with the Potsdam Agreement which stated: ‘All arms, ammunition and implements of war shall be held at the disposal of the Allies or destroyed’, a large proportion of the chemical weapons which had been stockpiled, by both the defeated Axis powers and the Allies, were loaded onto old merchant vessels and scuttled off the coasts of Norway and Scotland. British dumping grounds for their own and captured German weapons included a 100-fathom site 20 miles off the coast of western Ireland and a site in the Bay of Biscay, both of which were used to disperse around 175,000 tons of weapons during the period from 1945 to 1948. The remaining British stocks of chemical weapons, about 25,000 tons, all manufactured during the war years, which included 6000 tons of tabun of German origin, were dumped during the period 1955–1957 at a 1000-fathom site in the Inner Hebrides.2 Other German weapons, apart from those appropriated by the various Allied countries, were dumped in the Baltic Sea immediately after the war. Full records of these operations do not appear to have been kept, but it appears that there were at least three sites at which not less than 20,000 tons of weapons were dumped. One was in the Skagerrak off the coast of Norway where 20 ships whose cargoes included chemical weapons were scuttled by the British.3

Keywords

Nerve Agent Chemical Weapon Central Intelligence Agency Cacodylic Acid Soviet Threat 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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Copyright information

© Kim Coleman 2005

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  • Kim Coleman

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