Public Procurement as Economic and Policy Exercise
The regulation of public procurement in the European Union has been significantly influenced by the internal market project. The White Paper for the Completion of the Internal Market1 and the Single European Act represent the conceptual foundations of the regulation of public markets of the Member States. The identification of public procurement as a major non-tariff barrier has revealed the economic importance of its regulation.2 Savings and price convergence appeared as the main arguments for liberalising the trade patterns of the demand (the public and utilities sectors) and supply (the industry) side of the public procurement equation.3 The economic approach to the regulation of public procurement aims at the integration of public markets across the EU. Through the principles of transparency, nondiscrimination and objectivity in the award of public contracts, it is envisaged that the regulatory system will bring about competitiveness in the relevant product and geographical markets, will increase import penetration of products and services destined for the public sector, will enhance the tradability of public contracts across the common market, will result in significant price convergence and finally it will be the catalyst for the needed rationalisation and industrial restructuring of the European industrial base.4
KeywordsPublic Procurement Relevant Market Common Market Public Market Contracting Authority
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