Membership and Decision-making

  • Peter R. Baehr
  • Leon Gordenker


In the almost 60 years of its existence, membership of the United Nations has more than tripled. In 1945, at its founding, the organization had 51 members. By 2004, membership had grown to 191 and is now almost universal. Since the 1960s, African and Asian states have occupied a dominant numerical position, as Table 3.1 shows.


Member State Security Council Asian Group Weighted Vote Geographical Group 
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Selected Bibliography

  1. Alger, Chadwick F., Lyons, Gene F., Trent, John E. (eds). The United Nations System: the Policies of Member States. Tokyo: United Nations University, 1995.Google Scholar
  2. Baehr, Peter R. and Castermans, Monique C. (eds). The Netherlands and the United Nations: Selected Issues. The Hague: T.M. Asser Institute, 1990.Google Scholar
  3. Karns, Margaret and Mingst, Karen. The United States and Multilateral Institutions. London: Routledge, 1992.Google Scholar
  4. Kaufmann, Johan. United Nations Decision Making. Alphen aan den Rijn: Sijthoff & Noordhoff, 1980.Google Scholar
  5. Kaufmann, Johan. Conference Diplomacy: An Introductory Analysis, second revised ed. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1988.Google Scholar
  6. Righter, Rosemary. Utopia Lost: the United Nations and World Order. New York: Twentieth Century Fund Press, 1995.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Peter R. Baehr and Leon Gordenker 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter R. Baehr
    • 1
  • Leon Gordenker
    • 2
  1. 1.HeemstedeNetherlands
  2. 2.PrincetonUSA

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