Abstract

The all-male university served as a key institution in Tsar Nicholas I’s project of civilizing Russia’s subjects. By usurping the universities’ institutional autonomy granted by Tsar Alexander I, and erecting systems of surveillance and discipline, the autocracy of Nicholas I attempted to educate and transform unruly boys into obedient, pious and proper men. The Nicholaevan system thus was never uniformly repressive. Instead, the Tsar enlisted officials and institutions to participate in the project of creating respectable men — imbued with the administrative ideal of masculinity — to serve the regime as teachers, doctors, administrators, and soldiers after graduation. In these civilian and military posts they were expected to spread autocratic values into the far corners of the Empire.

Keywords

Europe Posit Bors Arena Univer 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    This is a process Isabel Hull describes in the context of German-speaking Central Europe in Sexuality, State and Civil Society in Germany, 1700–1815. (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996).Google Scholar
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    Alexander Martin, Romantics, Reformers, Reactionaries: Russian Conservative Thought and Politics in the Reign of Alexander I (Dekalb: Northern Illinois Press, 1997), 15.Google Scholar
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    William Mills Todd, Fiction and Society in the Age of Pushkin: Ideology, Institutions and Narratives (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1986), 6.Google Scholar
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    Iurii Lotman, Besedy o russkoi kul’ture: byt i traditsii russkogo dvorianstva (xviiinachalo xix veka (St Petersburg: Iskusstvo-SPB, 1994), 93; and Todd, Fiction and Society, 18.Google Scholar
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    W. Bruce Lincoln, In the Vanguard of Reform: Russia’s Enlightened Bureaucrats (Dekalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1982).Google Scholar
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    Richard S. Wortman, Birth of a Russian Legal Consciousness (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976), 134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Catriona Kelly, Refining Russia: Advice Literature, Polite Culture, and Gender from Catherine to Yeltsin (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), 142.Google Scholar
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    Orlando Figes, Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of Russia (New York: Metropolitan Books, 2002), 55.Google Scholar
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    Laura Engelstein makes this point in her article on civil society in ‘The Dream of Civil Society in Tsarist Russia: Law, State and Religion.’ In Civil Society Before Democracy: Lessons from Nineteenth-Century Europe, ed. Nancy Borneo and Philip Nord (Lanham, Boulder: Rowman and Littlefield, Inc., 2000), 24.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Rebecca Friedman 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca Friedman
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida International UniversityUSA

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