Fraternities, Dueling, and Student Honor

  • Rebecca Friedman

Abstract

Soon after 19-year-old Ivan Belov arrived at St Petersburg University in the 1840s to begin his studies, he found himself in a student apartment, crowded with young men wearing orange, white, and black uniforms. At the sound of the command ‘Silentium!’ the chatter and laughter stopped abruptly, and the young men listened in silence as they were reminded of their collective responsibility to preserve their honor, ‘without blemish or reproach.’2

Keywords

Europe Arena Defend Stake Verse 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    A. A. Chumikov, ‘Studencheskaia korporatsiia v peterburgskom universitete v 1830–1840 gg,’ Russkaia starina 30, no. 2 (February 1881): 374.Google Scholar
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  3. 4.
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    In her study of seventeenth-century provincial life, Valerie Kivelson challenges the view of the ‘state school’ of Russian and Soviet historians that ‘a single, divinely sanctioned ruler’ controlled all aspects of Muscovite society. Instead, she turns our attention to the autonomous arenas of social life where individuals conducted their own affairs outside of the purview of the state. Valerie A. Kivelson, Autocracy in the Provinces: the Muscovite Gentry and Political Culture in the 17th Century (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1996), 1.Google Scholar
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    A. A. Chumikov, ‘Peterburgskii universitet polveka nazad,’ Russkii arkhiv 3, no. 9 (March 1888): 12. In 1838, there were 241 St Petersburg students, of whom 193 were members of the gentry and/or sons of officials. Since St Petersburg University did not open in earnest until 1819, its numbers remained low throughout this period.Google Scholar
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    Pavel Tveritinov ‘Iz vospominanii derptskago studenta,’ Biblioteka dlia chtennia 157, no. 9 (September 1859): 1–28.Google Scholar
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    Alexander Pushkin, ‘The Shot.’ In The Captain’s Daughter and other Stories (New York: Dutton, 1936), 148.Google Scholar
  36. 103.
    After the closings of Warsaw and Vilna universities, students flooded into Moscow, St Petersburg, and Kazan’. In the years, 1836–7 there were 47 Polish students out of a total of 269 in St Petersburg, and 30 out of 436 in Moscow, a much smaller percentage. Johannes Remy, Higher Education and National Identity: Polish Student Activism in Russia, 1832–1863 (Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2000), 76–8. Remy also discusses the difficulties of assessing exactly who was Polish.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Rebecca Friedman 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca Friedman
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida International UniversityUSA

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