Advertisement

Introduction

  • G. R. Berridge

Abstract

Diplomacy is an essentially political activity and, well-resourced and skilful, a major ingredient of power. Its chief purpose is to enable states to secure the objectives of their foreign policies without resort to force, propaganda, or law. It follows that diplomacy consists of communication between officials designed to promote foreign policy either by formal agreement or tacit adjustment. Although it also includes such discrete activities as gathering information, clarifying intentions, and engendering goodwill, it is thus not surprising that, until the label ‘diplomacy’ was affixed to all of these activities by the British parliamentarian Edmund Burke in 1796, it was known most commonly as ‘negotiation’ — by Cardinal Richelieu, the first minister of Louis XIII, as négociation continuelle. Diplomacy is not merely what professional diplomatic agents do. It is carried out by other officials and by private persons under the direction of officials. As we shall see, it is also carried out through many different channels besides the traditional resident mission. Together with the balance of power, which it both reflects and reinforces, diplomacy is the most important institution of our society of states.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Discrete Activity Chief Purpose French System Cultural Toleration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further reading

  1. Adcock, F. and D. J. Mosley, Diplomacy in Ancient Greece (Thames & Hudson: London, 1975): pt 2.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, M. S., The Rise of Modern Diplomacy (Longman: London, 1993).Google Scholar
  3. Berridge, G. R. (ed.), Diplomatic Classics: Selected texts from Commynes to Vattel (Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke/New York; Peking University Press: Beijing, 2004).Google Scholar
  4. Berridge, G. R., M. Keens-Soper and T. G. Otte (eds), Diplomatic Theory from Machiavelli to Kissinger (Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke/New York, 2001).Google Scholar
  5. Bozeman, Adda B., Politics and Culture in International History, 2nd edn (Transaction: New Brunswick/London, 1994): 324–56, 457–504.Google Scholar
  6. Bull, Hedley and Adam Watson (eds), The Expansion of International Society (Clarendon Press: Oxford; Oxford University Press: New York, 1984).Google Scholar
  7. Cohen, Raymond and Raymond Westbrook (eds), Amarna Diplomacy: The beginnings of international relations (Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore/ London, 2000).Google Scholar
  8. Dictionary of the Middle Ages, Volume 4 (Scribner’s: New York, 1984): chs by Queller and Wozniak.Google Scholar
  9. Hamilton, Keith and Richard Langhorne, The Practice of Diplomacy (Routledge: London, 1995): chs 1–4.Google Scholar
  10. Jones, Raymond A., The British Diplomatic Service, 1815–1914 (Colin Smythe: Gerrards Cross, Bucks., 1983).Google Scholar
  11. Lachs, Phyllis S., The Diplomatic Corps under Charles II and James II (Rutgers University Press: New Brunswick, NJ, 1965).Google Scholar
  12. Liverani, Mario, International Relations in the Ancient Near East (Palgrave: Basingstoke, 2001), intro. and ch. 10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mattingly, G., Renaissance Diplomacy (Penguin: Harmondsworth, 1965).Google Scholar
  14. Meier, S. A., The Messenger in the Ancient Semitic World (Scholars Press: Atlanta, GA, 1988).Google Scholar
  15. Mösslang, M. and T. Riotte (eds), The Diplomats’ World: A cultural history of diplomacy, 1815–1914 (Oxford University Press: Oxford, 2008)Google Scholar
  16. Munn-Rankin, J. M., ‘Diplomacy in Western Asia in the early second millennium B.C.’, Iraq, 1956, Spring, 18(1).Google Scholar
  17. Sharp, Paul and Geoffrey Wiseman (eds), The Diplomatic Corps as an Institution of International Society (Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke/New York, 2007).Google Scholar
  18. Queller, D. E., The Office of Ambassador in the Middle Ages (Princeton University Press: Princeton, NJ, 1967).Google Scholar
  19. Yurdusev, A. Nuri (ed.), Ottoman Diplomacy: Conventional or unconventional? (Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke/New York, 2004).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© G. R. Berridge 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. R. Berridge

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations