Differential Access to Communications Technologies



The purpose of this chapter is to explore the differential access of developing countries to new communications technologies, which, as we have seen, promote international trade — and hence globalization — by reducing information imperfections of various kinds. For this purpose, it is useful to distinguish between ‘voice’ communications technologies on the one hand and ‘data’ communications on the other, though, as we shall see, progress with regard to the former also exerts a powerful influence on a developing country’s access to the latter. Given the nature of this causal relationship, it would seem logical to begin our discussion with an analysis of the differential extent to which developing countries have obtained access to the advances in ‘voice’ communications technologies.


Human Development Index Mobile Telephone Telephone Line Differential Access Electronic Switching 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. L. Adam (1996). ‘Electronic Communications Technology and Development of Internet in Africa’, Information Technology for Development, vol. 7.Google Scholar
  2. W. Ambrose (1993). ‘Telecommunications Equipment Markets into the 1990s’, in B. Wellenius, A. Miller and C. Dahlman (eds), Developing the Electronics Industry. Washington, DC: the World Bank.Google Scholar
  3. C. Antonelli (1990). The Diffusion of Advanced Telecommunications in Developing Countries. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  4. F. Cairncross (1997). ‘Telecommunications: A Connected World’, The Economist, 13 Sept.Google Scholar
  5. N. Hanna, S. Boyson and S. Gunaratne (1996). ‘The East Asian Miracle and Information Technology’, World Bank Discussion Paper No. 326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. M. Hobday (1985). ‘The Impact of Microelectronics on Developing Countries: The Case of Brazilian Telecommunications’, Development and Change, April.Google Scholar
  7. J. James (1998). ‘Information Technology, Globalisation and Marginalization’, in A. Bhalla (ed.), Globalization, Growth and Marginalization. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  8. A. Moussa and R. Schware (1992). ‘Informatics in Africa: Lessons from World Bank Experience’, World Development, 20 (12).Google Scholar
  9. F. Stewart (1977). Technology and Underdevelopment. London: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. S. Wangwe and E Musonda (1998). ‘The Impact of Globalization on Africa’, in A. Bhalla (ed.), Globalization, Growth and Marginalization. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  11. World Bank (1996). Global Economic Prospects and the Developing Countries. Washington, DC.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jeffrey James 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tilburg UniversityThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations