Linkages and Imbalances

  • A. S. Bhalla


In Chapter 2 we examined Hirschman’s concept of imbalances and high-linkage industrial growth without providing its empirical analogue. The main purpose of this chapter is to provide a measurement of these linkages. Both backward and forward output and employment linkages are estimated for China and India using input-output (I/O) tables (for China, the table for 1981 has been used,1 and for India, the table for 1984–5).2 A comparison is also made with the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Bangladesh and Turkey.


Final Demand Output Linkage Forward Linkage Rural Industry Machinery Industry 
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Notes and References

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Copyright information

© A. S. Bhalla 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Bhalla
    • 1
  1. 1.CommugnySwitzerland

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