Advertisement

Uneven Development in China and India

  • A. S. Bhalla
Chapter

Abstract

Having defined the concept of uneven development and its measurement in Chapter 2, in this chapter we measure uneven development in China and India. This is done in Section I using Yotopoulos-Lau (Y/L) and Lardy indexes discussed in Chapter 2. The measurement of intraindustry and disaggregated intersectoral linkages a la Hirschman is dealt with in Chapter 5.

Keywords

Development Strategy Heavy Industry Balance Development Uneven Development Allocative Inefficiency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Kuan Chen, Gary H. Jefferson, Thomas G. Rawski, Hongchang Wang and Yuxin Zheng, ‘New Estimates of Fixed Investment and Capital Stock for Chinese State Industry’, China Quarterly, June 1988.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Anupam Gupta, Overall Rate of Growth and Sectoral Rates of Growth — A Study of Instability in Economic Development, paper presented at the VIIIth World Economic Congress of the International Economic Association, New Delhi, 1–5 December 1986.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Carl Riskin, China’s Political Economy — The Quest for Development Since 1949, New York, Oxford University Press, 1987, pp. 128–9.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Liang Wensen, ‘Balanced Development of Industry and Agriculture’, in Dixin Xu and others, China’s Search for Economic Growth — The Chinese Economy since 1949, Beijing, New World Press, 1982.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Government of India, Planning Commission, Second Five Year Plan, 1956–61, New Delhi, 1956.Google Scholar
  6. 8.
    See Amit Bhaduri, ‘Alternative Development Strategies and the Poor’, in Singh and Tabatabai op. cit.Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    Suzanne Paine, ‘Balanced Development: Maoist Conception and Chinese practice’, World Development, April 1976.Google Scholar
  8. 12.
    Azizur Rahman Khan and Eddy Lee (eds), Agrarian Policies and Institutions in China after Mao, Bangkok, ILO, ARTEP, 1983; and Lardy, Agriculture China’s Modern Economic Development, 1983.Google Scholar
  9. 13.
    Jianbai Yang and Xuezeng Li, ‘The Relation Between Agricukure, Light Industry and Heavy Industry in China’, Social Sciences in China, June 1980.Google Scholar
  10. 14.
    Ibid, pp. 207–8.Google Scholar
  11. 15.
    Shujie Yao and David Colman, ‘Chinese Agricultural Policies and Agricultural Reforms’, Oxford Agrarian Studies, vol. 18, no. 1, 1990; and Bruce Stone, ‘Relative Prices in the People’s Republic of China: Rural Taxation through Public Monopsony’, in John W. Mellor and Raisuddin Ahmed (eds), Agricultural Price Policy for Developing Countries, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  12. 17.
    Suzanne Paine, ‘Development with Growth: A Quarter Century of Socialist Transformation in China’, Economic and Political Weekly, Special Number, August 1976.Google Scholar
  13. 18.
    Nicholas R. Lardy, ‘Regional Growth and Income Distribution in China’, in Robert F. Dernberger (ed.), China’s Development Experience in Comparative Perspective, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  14. 19.
    Alexander Eckstein, China’s Economic Development — The Interplay of Scarcity and Ideology, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1975, p. 364.Google Scholar
  15. 20.
    For a general discussion of local foodgrains self-sufficiency, see Riskin, China’s Political Economy; and Nicholas R. Lardy, Agriculture in China’s Modern Economic Development, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1983.Google Scholar
  16. 21.
    Benedict Stavis, ‘Making Green Revolution: The Politics of Agricultural Development in China’, Rural Development Monograph No. 1, Ithaca, New York, Cornell University Rural Development Committee, 1974.Google Scholar
  17. 26.
    Michael Lipton, ‘Transfer of Resources from Agriculture to Non-agricultural Activities: The Case of India’, IDS Communication Series No. 109, 1972.Google Scholar
  18. 27.
    A. S. Kahlon and D. S. Tyagi, Agricultural Price Policy in India, New Delhi, Allied Publishers Private Ltd, 1983, and ‘Intersectoral Terms of Trade’, Economic and Political Weekly, 27 December 1980.Google Scholar
  19. 28.
    See Ravi Srivastava, Planning and Regional Disparities in India, paper presented at the Conference on ‘The State and Development Planning in Indi’, School of Oriental and African Studies, London, 21–24 April 1989.Google Scholar
  20. 29.
    Raj Krishna, ‘The Centre and the Periphery — Interstate Disparities in Economic Development’, in Facets of India’s Development — C. L. Mehta Memorial Lectures, Bombay, Indian Institute of Technology, 1986.Google Scholar
  21. 30.
    Jagdish N. Bhagwati and Padma Desai, INDIA — Planning for Industrialisation, London, Oxford University Press, 1970.Google Scholar
  22. 31.
    Krishna Bharadwaj, ‘Regional Differentiation in India — A Note’, Economic and Political Weekly, Annual Number, 1982.Google Scholar
  23. 32.
    I. S. Gulhati and K. K. George, ‘Interstate Distribution Through Budgetary Transfers’, Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 13, no. 11, 1978.Google Scholar
  24. 33.
    See P. Aguigner, ‘Regional Disparities since 1978’, in S. Feuchtwang, A. Hussain and T. Pairault (eds), Transforming China’s Economy in the 1980s, vol. 2, London, Zed Books Ltd 1988.Google Scholar
  25. 34.
    Daniel Southerland, ‘Beijing Reinforces Central Planners’ Role and Extends Austerity’, International Herald Tribune, Zurich, 2–3 December 1989.Google Scholar
  26. 37.
    Stanley Rosen, ‘The Effect of Post-4 June Re-education Campaigns on Chinese Students’, China Quarterly, June 1993.Google Scholar
  27. 38.
    For a discussion of the Indian liberal economic reforms, see T. N. Srinivasan, ‘Economic Liberalisation in China and India: Issues and an Analytical Framework’, Journal of Comparative Economics, September 1987; also reprinted in Bruce Reynolds (ed.). Chinese Economic Reforms: How Far, How Fast? New York, Academic Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  28. 40.
    Budget Speech by Dr Manmohan Singh, Minister of Finance, Government of India, Budget for 1991–92, Times of India, Bombay, 25 July 1991.Google Scholar
  29. 41.
    Gordon White, ‘Riding the Tiger: Grass Roots Rural Politics in the Wake of the Chinese Economic Reforms’, in Ashwani Saith (ed.), The Re-emergence of the Chinese Peasantry — Aspects of Rural Decollectivisation, London, Croom Helm, 1987.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© A. S. Bhalla 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Bhalla
    • 1
  1. 1.CommugnySwitzerland

Personalised recommendations