Access to Education

  • A. S. Bhalla


Access to education or equality of educational opportunities can be defined in several ways. It may mean equality of access to schooling of children of different social and economic classes; or equal opportunity, after schooling, in terms of outcome or results, i.e. children from different social classes would acquire similar income, occupational status and political power.1 In the real world, even if children start with equal educational opportunities, they may end up with different outcomes with respect to status and earnings, depending on job opportunities available, natural ability and family background, etc. Another aspect of access to education is the effective utilisation of this opportunity which would depend on several factors like affordability, opportunity cost of schooling, motivation, etc.


Primary Education Enrolment Rate Cultural Revolution Development Outcome Regional Inequality 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    See Joseph P. Farrell, ‘Educational Expansion and the Drive for Social Equality’, in P. Altbach, R. Arnove and G. Kelly (eds), Comparative Education, London, Macmillan Press, 1982, p. 43.Google Scholar
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    Jacques Lamontagne, ‘Educational Development in the PRC: Regional and Ethnic Disparities’, Issues and Studies, vol. 22, no. 9, September 1986, p. 83.Google Scholar
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  41. 53.
    See Myron Weiner, The Child and the State in India, Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1991.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© A. S. Bhalla 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Bhalla
    • 1
  1. 1.CommugnySwitzerland

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