An epistemological theory is a theory of knowledge. Such theories are concerned with the questions of how we know what we know and with how we distinguish knowledge from belief, opinion or faith. What we mean by ‘knowing’ involves an analysis of the meaning of our statements. There are two opposed epistemological theories. They are the theories of Rationalism and Empiricism. In considering the two areas on which they disagree, the reader will become acquainted with important philosophical terminology.
KeywordsPhysical Object External World Definite Description Essential Nature Material Thing
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