Mens’ Conditions of Employment and the Division of Childcare Between Parents

  • Irene Bruegel
  • Anne Gray
Part of the The Future of Work Series book series (TFW)


It has long been clear that the increase in women’s paid employment has not evoked a compensating increase in the time men spend on childcare (Young and Willmott, 1973; Pilcher, 2000; Gershuny, 2000). Gershuny et al. (1994) suggested that adaptation was delayed in the 1980s by the childhood experience of that generation of parents, whose own parents generally have adopted a traditional sexual division of labour. Today, however, the majority of parents of young children grew up in the 1970s and 1980s, under a rather different domestic regime. Though attitudes have undoubtedly changed and there is good evidence that many men are spending more time with their children (Sullivan, 2000), the gender imbalance continues (O’Brien and Shemilt, 2003).


Parental Leave Gender Composition Labour Force Survey Childcare Time Labour Force Survey Data 
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© Irene Bruegel and Anne Gray 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irene Bruegel
  • Anne Gray

There are no affiliations available

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