Presentation: Democratic Equality

  • João Carlos Espada
Part of the St Antony’s Series book series


Several authors have recently worked on the concept of social citizenship with the explicit purpose of refuting the views of Friedrich A. Hayek and some other opponents of the concept of ‘social rights’ — all these being designated by their critics as belonging to the so-called ‘New Right’.1 Furthermore, some recent publications give the impression that the concept of citizenship may well be at the centre of a reflection aiming at the reformulation of socialist thought. According to these views, ‘there is today wide agreement that the left-wing project is in crisis’, and, therefore, new realities ‘require the reformulation of the socialist ideal in terms of an extension and deepening of democracy’.2 In this process of reformulation, the concept of citizenship, and particularly the concept of social citizenship, seem to occupy a central place.


Welfare State Basic Good Moral Code Great Equality Welfare Provision 
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Copyright information

© João Carlos Espada 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • João Carlos Espada
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Social SciencesUniversity of LisbonPortugal

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