Evidence on Early Childhood Development Investment Returns

  • Jere R. Behrman
Part of the Palgrave Studies on Children and Development book series (PSCD)


An estimated 220 million pre-school-age children in the developing world fail to reach their development potential because of four major factors: stunting, iron deficiency, iodine deficiency and lack of cognitive and social-emotional stimulation (Grantham-McGregor et al. 2007). This undoubtedly has a large human cost. But possibly, in addition, it has a large productivity cost, which is the focus of this chapter. The question is: what are the potential productivity gains from increased investments in early childhood development (ECD) in the developing world?


Discount Rate Iodine Deficiency Early Childhood Development Schooling Attainment Child Undernutrition 
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© Jere R. Behrman 2012

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  • Jere R. Behrman

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