Advertisement

Uncovering the Consequences of Pre-School Malnutrition

  • John Hoddinott
Part of the Palgrave Studies on Children and Development book series (PSCD)

Abstract

Researchers involved in Young Lives will have obtained data on the nutritional status of children as pre-schoolers. Subsequent rounds of data collection have generated more information on the human capital of these individuals, including school attainments and measures of cognitive ability such as reading scores and tests of vocabulary. A natural research topic is the exploration of the consequences of preschool nutrition on these outcomes; this work would join the numerous cross-sectional studies that document associations between pre-school nutritional status and subsequent attainments such as schooling and cognitive development. However, it is important to recognize that these are associations, not necessarily causal relationships, because pre-school nutritional status and subsequent attainments both reflect household decisions regarding investments in children’s human capital.

Keywords

Ordinary Little Square Instrumental Variable Child Characteristic Young Life International Food Policy Research Institute 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alderman, H., J. Behrman, V. Lavy and R. Menon (2001) ‘Child Health and School Enrollment: A Longitudinal Analysis’, Journal of Human Resources 36.1: 185–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alderman, H., J. Hoddinott and B. Kinsey (2006) ‘Long Term Consequences of Early Childhood Malnutrition’, Oxford Economic Papers 58.3: 450–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baum, C., M. Shaffer and S. Stillman (2003) ‘Instrumental Variables and GMM: Estimation and Testing’, Stata Journal 3.1: 1–31.Google Scholar
  4. Behrman, J., (1996) ‘The Impact of Health and Nutrition on Education’, World Bank Research Observer 11.1: 23–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Behrman, J., J. Hoddinott, J. Maluccio, E. Soler-Hampejsek, E. Behrman, R. Martorell, M. Ramirez-Zea, and A. Stein (2008) What Determines Adult Cognitive Skills? Impacts of Preschooling, Schooling and Post-Schooling Experiences in Guatemala, Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.Google Scholar
  6. Cunha, F., J. Heckman, L. Lochner and D. Masterov (2004) ‘Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation’ in E. Hanushek and F. Welch (eds) Handbook of the Economics of Education, Vol. 2, New York: North-Holland.Google Scholar
  7. Glewwe, P., H. Jacoby and E. King (2001) ‘Early Childhood Nutrition and Academic Achievement: A Longitudinal Analysis’, Journal of Public Economics 81: 345–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hoddinott, J., and B. Kinsey (2001) ‘Child Growth in the Time of Drought’, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 63: 409–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Martorell, R. (1997) ‘Undernutrition during Pregnancy and Early Childhood and Its Consequences for Cognitive and Behavioural Development’ in M.E. Young (ed.) Early Childhood Development: Investing in our Children’s Future, Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  10. Martorell, R. (1999) ‘The Nature of Child Malnutrition and its Long-Term Implications’, Food and Nutrition Bulletin 19: 288–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Martorell, R., J. Behrman, R. Flores and A.D. Stein (2005) ‘Rationale for a Follow-Up Study Focusing on Economic Productivity’, Food and Nutrition Bulletin 26 (Suppl 2): S5–S14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Strauss, J. and D. Thomas (2008) ‘Health Over the Life Course’ in T. Paul Schultz and John Strauss (eds)., Handbook of Development Economics, Vol. 4, New York: North-Holland.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Hoddinott 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Hoddinott

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations