Poverty, Child Risk, and Resilience in Developing Countries

  • Theodore D. Wachs
Part of the Palgrave Studies on Children and Development book series (PSCD)


Growing up in poverty has been consistently linked to reduced cognitive and social-emotional competence in children from both developed (Klebanov and Brooks-Gunn 2006) and low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries (Grantham-McGregor et al. 2007). Reduced competence undermines young children’s school readiness and subsequent school performance, and ultimately contributes to the intergenerational transmission of poverty (Engle et al. 2007). To understand how poverty can undermine the development of child competence requires an understanding of issues involving developmental risks, and how risks driven by poverty translate into deficits in child competence. This chapter provides a framework linking developmental risks, poverty, and child competence.


Child Development Maternal Depression Cumulative Risk York Academy Childhood Adversity 
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© Theodore D. Wachs 2012

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