The United States of America
The agency model of public administration has come relatively recently to many countries in the world. The basic idea of having relatively autonomous public organizations is, however, not new in the United States. Indeed, distinguishing agencies from other forms of government organizations in the US federal government is not as simple as it appears to be in some other administrative systems. The majority of organizations that comprise the federal bureaucracy have most of the attributes associated with agencies, even though most of those organizations reside within cabinet departments. This general pattern of organization has been in place for decades in the federal government. The autonomy of these agencies is derived from their having a public law status, having their own budgets and personnel allocations, and having their own political relationships with Congress and with the interest groups whom they serve, and who offer political support to the agencies.
KeywordsFederal Government Federal Reserve Executive Branch Executive Agency Government Accountability Office
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