This chapter provides an overview of federal agencies in Germany, focusing on the different agency types, the historical development and the rationales for delegation to federal agencies, their autonomy and the control exercised by parent ministries, as well as an overview over recent debates and reforms.1 Most empirical information was collected via a comprehensive survey (the COBRA survey) among all agencies governed by public law which have a direct oversight relationship with a federal ministry (Bach 2010; Bach and Jann 2010).2 Additional information was gathered through document analysis and expert interviews with ministry and agency officials.


Federal Agency Management Board Direct Agency Management Autonomy Parent Ministry 
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Copyright information

© Tobias Bach 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tobias Bach

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