For a state that in the last three decades changed from a centralized to a quasi-federal polity, from a central delivering administration to a government with planning and regulatory status, Spain still has a considerable number of non-departmental bodies (460) including autonomous bodies, trusts, foundations, SOEs and other entities of public law (see Table 12.1). In this wide landscape of parastatal administration, the autonomy of an organization cannot be inferred from its label. Some entities from the late 1950s have little more managerial autonomy than a directorate-general, although their juridical independence and their generic name refer explicitly to autonomy: organismos autónomos. In other cases, these autonomous bodies have used the word ‘agency’ in their brand name, implying a certain newness, while they still are organismos autónomos without a considerable managerial autonomy, such as ANEP (1986) (National Agency of Evaluation and Prospective), in charge of evaluating scientific research applications and staff from universities and research centres.
KeywordsState Agency Chief Executive Legal Personality Legal Regime Managerial Autonomy
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.